Agriculture Revolution

The importance of the agriculture sector in India can be gauged from the fact that around 60% of the Indian population is still dependent on this sector. There have been many agricultural revolutions in India to focus on certain specific agricultural produce.
In this article, we will provide you with a table that will list all the important agricultural revolutions in India. It indicates various farm practices such as:

List of agricultural revolutions in India

Sl. No.Name of the RevolutionField of the RevolutionFather of the RevolutionPeriod of the Revolution
1Green RevolutionAgricultureM.S. Swaminathan1966 – 1967
2White Revolution or Operation floodMilk/ Dairy productsDr. Varghese Kurien1970 – 1996
3Blue RevolutionFish and AquaDr. Arun Krishnan, and Dr. Harilal Chaudhari1973-2002
4Golden RevolutionFruits, Honey, HorticultureNirpakh Tutaj1991- 2003
5Silver RevolutionEggsIndira Gandhi2000’s
6Yellow RevolutionOil SeedsSam Pitroda1986 – 1990
7Pink RevolutionPharmaceuticals, Prawns, OnionDurgesh Patel1970’s
8Brown RevolutionLeather, CocoHiralal Chaudri
9Red RevolutionMeat, TomatoVishal Tewari1980’s
10Golden Fibre RevolutionJute1990’s
11Evergreen RevolutionOverall Production of Agriculture.M.S. Swaminathan2017 – 2022
12Black RevolutionPetroleumDr. Arun Krishnan.
13Silver Fiber RevolutionCottonVishal Tewari2000’s
14Round RevolutionPotatoNorman Borlong M.S. Swaminathan. William Goud (UK).1965- 2005
15Protein RevolutionAgriculture (Higher Production)Narendra Modi2014 – 2020
16Grey RevolutionFertilizersDurgesh Patel.The 1960s-1970s

Rainbow Revolution

  • The rainbow revolution was launched by the Indian government in the year 2000. This was the country’s first agricultural strategy. It integrates the effects of all previous agricultural and animal husbandry revolutions. This revolution seeks to promote resource development and environmental sustainability.
  • Arun Krishnan is the founder of this Revolution. It is the step taken to cultivate the rising aquaculture in this modern age. It deals with the rising amount of fisheries and providing as well as maintaining the rightful amount of conditions for the growth and development of this sector of society.

Green Revolution (Food grains)

Green Revolution Play a Major Role in the Rainbow Revolution. The application of agronomics or the adoption of modern methods and technologies such as the use of high-yielding variety (HYV) seeds, tractors, irrigation facilities, pesticides, and fertilizers to increase food grain productivity.

White Revolution (Milk)

  • Operation Flood was launched on 13 January 1970. It was the world’s largest dairy development program and a landmark project of India’s National Dairy Development Board (NDDB).
  • Operation flood led to the White revolution, which created Milk grids linking producers to consumers. It transformed India from a milk-deficient nation into the world’s largest milk producer, surpassing the United States of America in 1998. Milk production in India was about 22.29 percent of global output in 2018.
  • Impact of White Revolution:
    • Increased milk production
    • Augmented rural incomes
    • Ensured fair prices for consumers 

Yellow Revolution (Oilseeds)

  • Yellow revolution is targeted at oilseed cultivation to make India self-sustainable in edible oil production.
  • Sam Pitroda is called the Father of the Yellow revolution.
  • Prime Minister Modi appealed to the North-East States to take up oil palm cultivation in a big way to support the Atmanirbhar Bharat initiative thereby reducing the imports of Palm oil  (India spends Rs. 70, 000 Cr.) and making India self-sufficient in edible oils.

Blue Revolution (Fisheries)

  • Blue Revolution or Neel Kranti Mission envisions Integrated Development and Management of Fisheries.
  • It focuses on focuses mainly on increasing fisheries production and productivity from aquaculture and fisheries resources, both inland and marine.

Golden Revolution (Fruits)

  • Nirpakh Tutaj was called Father of the father of the Gold Revolution in India.
  • Golden Revolution focused on increasing the production of honey and horticulture, especially fruits and vegetables between 1991 and 2003.

Silver Revolution (Eggs)

  • Indira Gandhi is the mother of the Silver Revolution.
  • It focussed on improving Egg Production in India.

Round Revolution (Potato)

  • Round Revolution is focused on increasing Potato production.

Pink Revolution (Meat)

  • The pink revolution is a technological revolution to modernise the poultry and meat processing sector.

Grey Revolution (Fertilizers)

  • Grey Revolution is associated with increased fertilizer production.
  • It seeks to overcome the drawbacks of the green revolution by emphasizing climate-smart agriculture.

Protein Revolution

  • Related Higher Production also Known as Technology driven 2nd Green revolution coined by P.M Narendra Modi and Finance Minister Arun Jaitley.
  • A price Stabilization fund of Rs. 500 crores to help farmers deal with volatility also a TV Channel has been set up to provide information to the Farmers about Water Conservation, Organic Farming, and other New Techniques
Agricultural Revolutions in India

Thus, the concept of the Rainbow revolution is an integrated development of crop cultivation, horticulture, forestry, fishery, poultry, animal husbandry, and the food processing industry.


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Which period is known as the first Green Revolution period in India?

1966-1969 is known as the first Green Revolution period in India.

Who is known as the Mother of Silver Revolution in India?

Indira Gandhi is known as the Mother of the Silver Revolution in India

Which state was chosen as the initiation site in India for Green Revolution?

Punjab was chosen as the initiation site in India for Green Revolution.

Who is known as the Father of the White Revolution?

Dr. Verghese Kurien is known as the Father of the White Revolution.

From where can I find the complete list of agricultural revolutions in India?

You can refer to the above article to know the complete list of agricultural revolutions in India.

Brown Revolution is related to what?

Brown Revolution is related to Cocoa, and Leather

By phantom

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