The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) will launch the Brazilian Amazonia 1 Satellite from the Satish Dhawan Space Centre in Sriharikota in Andhra Pradesh on Sunday. The countdown for the launch commenced on Saturday. This will be ISRO’s first mission of the year 2021.

About PSLV-C51 Mission

  • The rocket will be launching from SDSC (Satish Dhawan Space Centre) SHAR, Sriharikota at 10.23 AM IST on 28th However, the launch is subject to suitable weather conditions at the launch-pad.
  • The ISRO will be launching a Brazilian satellite along with twenty other Indian satellites.
  • This mission was among those missions mentioned in the 2021 Union Budget by present Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman.

The reason for this launch

  • All images that will come from this satellite is going to help not only in monitoring but even observing the deforestation of the Amazon Region.
  • It is quite critical to monitor more so after the huge fires in that region. The images which will be gathered are also expected to help in the vegetation and agriculture areas, monitoring of the coastal zones and other related applications.
  • The South American nations are approaching ISRO for cooperation in space at different levels. Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, and Bolivia are among some of the countries that already have a Space Cooperation with the ISRO.
  • The countries like Paraguay are keen to have cooperation with the ISRO as it wants to stay away from China.

About Amazonia 1 Satellite

  • The Amazonia-1 satellite is an optical earth observation satellite that has been designed, tested, integrated, and operated by the National Institute for Space Research (INPE)of Brazil
  • The Amazonia-1 satellite is a Sun-synchronous polar-orbiting satellite that can generate images every five-days. The satellite has a wide-view optical camera with 3 visible frequency bands and 1 near-infrared band.
  • The Amazonia-1 will be used to give remote sensing data to users for monitoring deforestation in the Amazon area & analysis of diversified agriculture around the Brazilian territory.
  • According to an ISRO statement, Amazonia-1 satellite is New-Space India Limited’s (NSIL) first-ever commercial mission.
    • The NSIL is a public sector undertaking that will commercially exploit research and development work of ISRO, co-produce PSLV, and manage launches of the SSLV (Small Satellite Launch Vehicle) which is also being developed with the ISRO’s help and the private sector.
    • It is even involved small satellite technology transfer to industry, production of PSLVs and manufacturing of SSLV.
Amazonia-1 Satellite

About PSLV rocket

  • The PSLV (Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle) is 44-metre-high and has four stages including six strap-on booster motors on to the first-stage which gives it’s a higher thrust during the starting flight moments.
  • The ISRO has developed & used different PSLV variants, involving ones with either two/four strap-on motors, or the Core Alone variant without any kind of strap-on motors. As we know, the PSLV is not a reusable rocket, it’s the first stage won’t be reclaimed & it will crash into the Indian Ocean.
Amazonia-1 Satellite

Some upcoming projects of ISRO

Mission nameExpected launchSpacecraftDetails
Chandrayaan-32021Lunar lander, the roverMission repeat of Chandrayaan-2 with the lander, rover & a propulsion module to attempt a soft landing of the lunar surface.
Gaganyaan2022Crewed spacecraftGaganyaan (i.e. “Orbital Vehicle”) is an Indian crewed orbital spacecraft (combinedly made by ISRO & HAL) intended to be the ground of the Indian Human Spaceflight Programme. This spacecraft is being designed to carry 3 people, and a planned upgraded version will be equipped with the rendezvous and docking capability.
Lunar Polar Exploration Mission2024Lunar lander, roverThe Lunar Polar Exploration Mission is a concept mission by ISRO and JAXA to explore the south pole region of the Moon in the year 2024. The mission’s concept has not yet been formally proposed for funding & planning.
Aditya-L12022Solar observationAditya-L1 is the first-ever Indian Solar Coronagraph spacecraft mission to study the solar corona in visible and its near IR bands. It is expected to be launched by the start of the year 2022.
NISAR (NASA-ISRO Synthetic Aperture Radar)2022SAR satelliteThe NASA-ISRO Synthetic Aperture Radar (NISAR) is a combined project between ISRO and NASA to co-develop & launch a dual frequency synthetic aperture radar satellite to be used for remote sensing. It is notable for being the first-ever dual-band radar imaging satellite.
Mangalyaan 22024Mars orbiterThe Mars Orbiter Mission 2 (MOM 2) also known as Mangalyaan 2 is India’s second interplanetary mission planned for its launch to Mars by the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) in the year 2021–2022 time frame. It will comprise of an orbiter, and it also may include a lander & a rover.
Shukrayaan-12023Venus orbiterThe Indian Venusian orbiter mission is a planned orbiter to Venus by the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) in order to study the atmosphere of Venus.

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