On 30 January 2012, the ‘London Declaration on Neglected Tropical Diseases’ was implemented. That’s the reason for choosing ’30 January’ for ‘World Neglected Tropical Disease Day”. Informally, the first World Neglected Tropical Disease Day was observed in the year 2020.
WHO launched the NTD Roadmap 2021-2030 on 28 January 2021, with ambitious new goals to lead us into the next decade of collective action. WHO’s new road map for 2021-2030 is calling for three strategic changes to eradicate neglected tropical diseases:
1. Instead of measuring the process, the impact will be measured.
2. In place of disease-specific planning and programming, collaborative work in all areas will be taken up.
3. In place of an externally driven agenda, country-owned and country-funded programs will be introduced.
According to the WHO,
For these diseases, there is usually much less expenditure on research and treatment than for diseases such as tuberculosis, HIV-AIDS and malaria.
India is home to the world’s largest absolute burden of 12 of 20 recognised NTDs. India has made important progress towards NTD control and elimination:
India has the capacity to become a leader in producing next-generation NTD technologies, which could include new leishmaniasis and dengue vaccines and other technologies.
To achieve this goal, Indian government must forge new partnerships between private for-profit biotechs and its research universities. One such example is a dengue vaccine partnership between the International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (ICGEB) and Sun Pharma.
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