Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar, M.D. Baba Saheb, as Chairman of the Constituent Assembly’s Drafting Committee, was the Principal Architect of the Indian Constitution. He was a scholar par excellence, a jurist, an idealist, an emancipator, and a true nationalist.
He was the leader of various social movements aimed at securing and protecting human rights for the underprivileged and destitute sections of society. He was born in 1891 into a poor, untouchable Mhow household.
However, he was the first Indian to receive a doctorate (PhD) in economics from a foreign university, and he is the only Indian having a statue at the London Museum alongside Karl Marx.
100 years of Mooknayak, Ambedkar’s 1st newspaper
He was a staunch supporter of democratic, peaceful, nonviolent, and harmonic solutions to all problems.
His example strengthens the attitude of brotherhood, compassion, and equality.
Every year on 14 April, Mahaparinirvan Din or Ambedkar Jayanti is commemorated to commemorate his death.
Life Events of Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar and Their Contribution
Ambedkar was an outspoken opponent of caste-based discrimination and social untouchability, and he encouraged Dalits to organise and demand their rights. He denounced Hindu scriptures that he believed promoted caste prejudice.
In 1925, he was a member of the Bombay Presidency Committee, which collaborated with the Simon Commission. He founded the ‘Bahishkrit Hitakarini Sabha’ to promote Dalit education and socioeconomic advancement. He founded publications such as Mooknayak and Bahishkrit Bharat.
He advocated separate electorates for the ‘Depressed Classes,’ the term with which Dalits were called at that time. He was in disagreement with Mahatma Gandhi since Gandhi was against any sort of reservation in the electorates. Later, An agreement was signed between Gandhi and Ambedkar in the jail, whereby it was agreed to give reserved seats to the depressed classes within the general electorate. This was called the Poona Pact.
In 1936, Ambedkar created the Independent Labour Party (which eventually became the Scheduled Castes Federation).
He argued for a free economy based on a stable Rupee. He also suggested that birth control could help with economic development. He also stressed women’s equality. The Right to Constitutional Remedy, according to Ambedkar, is the Constitution’s essence. Dr. Ambedkar battled hard for the passage of the Hindu Code Bill, the most significant reform for women’s rights in marriage and inheritance during his time as Law Minister.
Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar Throughts Current Relevance
He aspired to live in an equitable society and was opposed to caste prejudice and violence. This idea has a lot of importance in today’s culture since the government is implementing many programmes to help the poor. He was a staunch opponent of untouchability and fought for equal opportunity. Fundamental rights have been included in the Indian Constitution to this end (art 14-15-16).
His ideas prepared the way for a socialist democracy and argued for a social order change.