The categorized project, dubbed DURGA II (Directionally Unrestricted Ray-Gun Array), will provide the Indian Army receive a 100-kilowatt, lightweight directed-energy system, and a service.

A senior DRDO scientist said on the condition of anonymity that the DURGA II program is presently in the concept stage. He also added that the organization is developing and improving several laser-generation techniques using solid-state, fibre, and chemical lasers for defensive & offensive use. The scientist also mentioned DURGA-II is to be built in with the land, sea & air-based platforms as per the reports.

The Defence Information report the famous Laser Science & Expertise Centre at Delhi was the lead laboratory in the growing laser weapons. They also reported that the centre has to this point made a 25-kilowatt laser that may target a ballistic missile throughout its terminal part at the most distance of 5 kilometres.

DURGA II High Power Laser Weapon

 DURGA II High Power Laser Weapon Project History

  • Apparently, the presence of a DURGA mission has been reported for about 20 years now, relationship again to the early part of the 2000s. An examination was made by the Indian Air Pressure officer. He revealed by the USI (United Service Establishment of India) in the year 2008 referred to the DURGA (Directionally Unrestricted Ray-Gun Array), and the famous there was little progress within the mission.
  • In the year 2017, DRDO examined a 1KW laser weapon mounted on the truck at a check facility in Chitradurga, the laser hit a target 250m away. The laser check was performed within the existence of then-defence minister Arun Jaitley.

DRDO also develops ‘Directed-Vitality Weapons’ (DEW). In layman’s parlance, directed-energy weapon damage or demolishes its target utilizing focused power by the way of lasers, microwaves, or particle beams.

Advantages of Directed Energy Weapons

In response to the United States assume tank, Lexington Institute, the directed-energy weapons have a various number of benefits over typical munitions.

  • Firstly, they transmit deadly power on the velocity of sunshine (i.e. about 300,000 kilometers per second).
  • Secondly, their beams are not affected by the constraining results of gravity or an atmospheric drag.
  • Thirdly, they are extraordinarily exact.
  • Fourthly, their results could be tailor-made by several the kind & depth of power delivered towards targets.

The directed-energy weapons are already in service within the performance of ‘drone defence’ methods. In such kinds of methods, the laser beams are used to knock out elements of drones, which have acquired an integral part of the army arsenal of most countries. Nonetheless, their potential stretches far past to have the ability to each destroy enemy targets & defend very significant infrastructure from air & missile assault.

Challenges in Development of Durga II

  • The excessive-power laser weapons are tough to develop, a remarkable drawback being provision of satisfactory energy to that of the system.
  • The Financial Occasions also highlighted challenges together with increasing a cooling mechanism for the system which heats up when the laser beam is fired that guarantees a centered beam in direction of a distant target and optoelectronics/opsonic, including lenses to create that particular focus.
DRDO Developing DURGA-II Laser Weapon For Land, Naval, Air Use?

DRDO KALI (Kilo Ampere Linear Injector)

Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) and Bhabha Atomic Research Centre are developing the KALI (Kilo Ampere Linear Injector), a linear electron accelerator (BARC). It is said to be capable of using directed-energy weapons.
A particle accelerator is the KALI. It sends out intense electron bursts. Other components farther down the line transform the electron energy into electromagnetic radiation (EM radiation), which can be tuned to x-ray or microwave frequencies.

This has spurred speculation that the KALI could one day be utilised in a high-powered microwave gun capable of soft-killing incoming missiles and planes (destroying the electronic circuitry on the missile). However, weaponising such a system has many obstacles to overcome.

KALI 5000

History Of KALI

Dr. P.H. Ron initiated the initiative, which was proposed by Dr. R. Chidambaram, then-Director of the BARC, in 1985. The Accelerators & Pulse Power Division of the BARC started working on the project in 1989. This project also involves the DRDO. It was originally designed for industrial use, but its defence applications became evident as time went on.
The electron beam output of the initial accelerators was around 0.4GW, although this grew when newer versions were produced. The KALI 80, KALI 200, KALI 1000, and KALI 5000 were the models.
In late 2004, the KALI-5000 was put into service.

USA Deadly Laser Weapon: HELIOS

In January month, United States aerospace big Lockheed Martin delivered the prime unit of its Excessive Vitality Laser with Built-in Optical-dazzler and Surveillance, i.e. HELIOS laser system to the United States Navy. The HELIOS has energy in addition to 60KW and is used primarily to break the smaller floor ships & drones. However, in accordance with the experiences, upgrades to the HELIOS with elevated energy would allow the system to focus on the anti-ship missiles which are fired at ships.

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What Durga 2 weapon?

The classified project, dubbed DURGA II (Directionally Unrestricted Ray-Gun Array), will see the Indian Army receive the 100-kilowatt, lightweight directed-energy system, a service official told Defense News

What Is DRDO KALI Weapon?

Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) and Bhabha Atomic Research Centre are developing the KALI (Kilo Ampere Linear Injector), a linear electron accelerator (BARC). It is said to be capable of using directed-energy weapons.

What Is HELIOS?

HELIOS is a 60-kilowatt solid-state laser capable of scalable effects, which can “dazzle” and blind sensors, but at high power, it can “put a hole” through unmanned aerial vehicles, low flying aircraft, and in some cases, missiles, Ottaviano said.

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