The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) released the Protected Planet Report 2020. The Protected Planet Report 2020 edition provides the final report on the status of Aichi Biodiversity Target 11 and looks to the future as the world prepares to adopt new global targets for nature under the post-2020 global biodiversity framework.
About Protected Planet Report 2020
It is released by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN).
The report takes stock of measures taken to fulfill the aims of Aichi Target 11. Aichi Target 11 called for protecting 17% of Earth’s land and 10% of its marine environments by 2020.
The report also lays the groundwork for a new framework aimed at protecting nature. It will be decided upon at the UN Biodiversity Conference, scheduled for October 2021 in Kunming, China.
The report is the first to include data on other effective area-based conservation measures(OECM) taken outside protected areas. OECM conservation designation is given to the areas for achieving effective in-situ biodiversity conservation outside protected areas.
Key Findings of The Report: Increase in Protected Areas and OECM
As many as 82% of countries and territories register an increase in the share of protected areas and Other Effective Area-based Conservation Measures (OECM) since 2010.
Protected Areas are clearly defined geographical space. These are recognised, dedicated, and managed through legal or other effective means to achieve the long-term conservation of nature with associated ecosystem services and cultural values.
Since 2010, protected areas covering almost a million square kilometers have been added to the global network. This area is greater than the land area of the Russian Federation. The greatest growth in protected areas and OECMs has been in marine and coastal areas. Around 68% of the current network’s area is less than 10 years old. Around 62.6% of key biodiversity areas (KBA) either fully or partially overlap with protected areas and OECMs.
Key Biodiversity Areas (KBAs): sites that contribute significantly to the global persistence of biodiversity in terrestrial, freshwater, and marine ecosystems.
Aichi Biodiversity Targets
Aichi Biodiversity Targets are a set of 20 targets classified under 5 Strategic Goals. They were included in the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity for the 2011-2020 period.
The targets were adopted at the 10th meeting of the Conference of the Parties of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD).
Purpose: The targets were developed to prevent the loss of biological diversity in each participating country.