23 August

Child Labour and Forced labour in India

A recent study, commissioned by the United Nations Development Programme and The Coca-Cola Company has raised the issue of ambiguity about definitions of child labour and forced labour in India related laws, especially for sugarcane producing states of Karnataka, Maharashtra, Punjab, Bihar and Uttar Pradesh.

16 June

Tulu Language: Demand for Scheduled status

Tulu Language:- India is a land of cultural and linguistic diversity. As many as 30 languages are spoken by a million-plus population each and 122 languages were identified and being spoken by 1000 plus population and about 1599 languages are considered as dialects spoken by specific regions.

09 June

Schedules of Indian Constitution

The Constitution of India Has 12 Schedules of Indian Constitution, for the first time, schedules were introduced by the Government of India Act, 1935, which had 10 schedules. After independence, the Indian Constitution had contained 8 schedules only. Later, four more schedules were added by various amendments as under:

08 June

Indian Evidence Act

Indian Evidence Act: During the recent judgment by the Goa session’s court in the Tarun Tejpal case, the court referred to the survivor’s sexual history in graphic detail. Further, the judgment held the following things, The court denied accepting the victim as a reliable witness. It was stated that the survivor did not fit into the court’s preconceived ideas of a rape survivor’s behavior.

10 April

Collegium System in Judiciary

A meeting of the five-member Supreme Court Collegium led by Chief Justice Sharad A. Bobde on Thursday on names to fill up the five judicial vacancies in the apex court ended on an inconclusive note. The concept of the collegium system is unique to India. Collegium System in Judiciary as such is not mentioned anywhere in the Indian […]

02 April

polity and Governance

Electoral Bonds

The Supreme Court has dismissed petitions seeking to stay the sale of fresh electoral bonds ahead of Assembly elections in West Bengal, Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Assam, and Puducherry. Although the court said there is no justification to stay the current sale, the larger constitutional challenge to the electoral bonds scheme filed in 2017 is still pending.

31 March

polity and Governance

Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha

Parliament of India comprises President, Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha. Lok Sabha is called the House of People while Rajya Sabha is called the Council of States. The names, ‘Lok Sabha’ &’ ‘Rajya Sabha’ were adopted in 1954 by the Indian Parliament. Article 79-122 in the Indian Constitution deals with the Indian Parliament.

31 March

Pendency of Cases In The Judiciary

The total sanctioned strength in the 25 High Courts is 1,080. However, the present working strength is 661 with 419 vacancies as of March 1, 2021. The SC highlighted this as one of the reasons for the pendency of cases in the Judiciary. The pendency of cases in the Judiciary is a long pending issue.

16 March

polity and Governance

Writs In the Indian Constitution | भारतीय संविधान में उल्लिखित पाँच न्यायिक रिट

राइट्स सुप्रीम कोर्ट या हाई कोर्ट का एक लिखित आदेश है जो भारतीय नागरिकों के लिए उनके मौलिक अधिकारों के उल्लंघन के खिलाफ संवैधानिक उपचार की आज्ञा देता है। भारतीय संविधान में अनुच्छेद 32 संवैधानिक उपचारों से संबंधित है जो एक भारतीय नागरिक अपने मौलिक अधिकारों के उल्लंघन के खिलाफ उच्चतम न्यायालय और उच्च न्यायालय से मांग कर सकता है।

14 March

polity and Governance

Anti Defection Law

The anti-defection law under the 10th schedule of the Indian Constitution was enacted through the 52nd Amendment Act of 1985. It aims to cure the problems related to the culture of “Aaya Ram Gaya Ram”, in which legislators used to change parties frequently in Indian polity.

11 March

Basic Structure Doctrine of the Indian Constitution

भारतीय संविधान संसदीय संप्रभुता और न्यायिक वर्चस्व का संश्लेषण है। संविधान के अनुसार, संसद और इस के तहत, भारत की राज्य विधानसभाएं अपने संबंधित न्यायालयों के भीतर कानून बनाने की शक्ति रखती हैं। यह शक्ति प्रकृति में पूर्ण नहीं है। संविधान का अनुच्छेद 368 संविधान में संशोधन के लिए संसद को शक्ति प्रदान करता है।

06 March

polity and Governance

Police reforms in India

Max Weber defined ‘State’ as org that has a monopoly on the legitimate use of physical force. The police act as an instrument of physical force of the state as recently seen in Thoothukudi Incident wherein the father-son duo from TN was sexually assaulted & tortured by police while in custody.

04 March

polity and Governance

Coalition Government In India

Principally coalition governance has two concepts involved. One is ‘common governance’ which is based on a common decision-making process. Another is ‘joint governance’ which is based on the distribution of power. The operation of the coalition is not regulated by any legal staff.

27 February

polity and Governance

22nd Law Commission of India

The law panel advises the government on complex legal issues and has a term of three years. With the president giving his nod for the creation of the 22nd Law Commission of India, the government will now appoint a chairperson to head the panel and other members.

26 February

polity and Governance

Citizenship Amendment Act 2019

Till now the Supreme Court has not ruled on the matter. The Citizenship Amendment Bill 2019 provides for fast-track naturalisation for non-Muslim religious minorities from the three neighboring Muslim majority countries of Afghanistan, Pakistan, and Bangladesh if they arrived in India before 31.12. 2014 and have been here for five years.

25 February

polity and Governance

Gram Nyayalayas in India

Gram Nyayalayas or village courts are established under the Gram Nyayalayas Act, 2008 as the lowest tier of the judiciary for rural areas. They are aimed at providing inexpensive justice to people in rural areas at their doorsteps and for speedy and easy access to the justice system in the rural areas of India.

16 February


Article 15 and Important Judgements

“The State shall not deny to any person equality before the law or the equal protection of the laws within the territory of India.” Article 15 secures the citizens from every sort of discrimination by the State, on the grounds of religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth or any of them.