Tulu Language:- India is a land of cultural and linguistic diversity. As many as 30 languages are spoken by a million-plus population each and 122 languages were identified and being spoken by 1000 plus population and about 1599 languages are considered as dialects spoken by specific regions.
Tulu is a Dravidian language spoken mainly in two coastal districts Dakshina Kannada and Udupi of Karnataka and Kasaragod district of Kerala. This region is informally known as Tulu Nadu. There has been a demand for separate statehood for Tulu Nadu. As per the 2011 Census report, there are 18,46,427 Tulu-speaking people in India. The oldest available inscriptions in Tulu are from the period between the 14th to 15th century AD. Tulu was introduced as a language in school by the Karnataka Government a few years ago.
Tulu language, member of the Dravidian language family, spoken in southern Karnataka state, India.
Eighth schedule contains the list of languages recognized by the Constitution. Originally, Eighth Schedule consists of 14 languages later 8 more languages (Sindhi was included in 1967; Konkani, Manipuri and Nepali in 1992; Dogiri, Bodo, Maithali, and Santhali in 2003).
Currently, 22 of Indian languages are listed in the eighth schedule including Assamese, Bengali, Bodo, Dogri, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Kashmiri, Konkani, Maithili, Malayalam, Manipuri, Marathi, Nepali, Oriya, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Santali, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu and Urdu. These languages are also called Scheduled languages.
As many as 37 languages including Angika, Banjara, Bazika, Bhojpuri, Bhoti, Bhotia, Bundelkhandi, Chhattisgarhi, Dhatki, Garhwali (Pahari), Gondi, Gujjari, Ho, Kachachhi, Kamtapuri, Karbi, Khasi, Kodava (Coorg), Kok Barak, Kumaoni, Kurak, Kurmail, Lepcha, Limbu, Mizo, Magahi, Mundari, Nagpuri, Nicobarese, Himachali, Pali, Rajasthani, Sambalpuri, Shaurseni, Siraiki, Tenyidi, and Tulu are demanding the government to include them in Eighth Schedule.
Scheduled status to a languages bring with it a lot of advantages. Some of the major advantages include:
There are some practical administrative difficulties observed in listing more languages under schedule eight. These include:
However, the constitution guaranteed the protection and promotion of equality of status and opportunity to all people and all languages. Indian republic must accommodate the demands mounting up from the speakers of the languages spoken by a minority.