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Subhash Chandra Bose was one of the most celebrated freedom fighters and charismatic influencers of Indian youth.
The Prime Minister inaugurated the Subhash Chandra Bose Museum at Red Fort to mark his birth anniversary.

Contribution of Subhash Chandra Bose

He joined the Indian National Congress in 1927 and supported the idea of complete independence (Purna Swaraj). With his support, Jawaharlal Nehru passed the resolution of Poorna Swaraj in 1929.
He was elected as Congress President in 1938, when the annual session was convened at Haripur in Bengal. He established the National Planning Committee to ensure the equal distribution of wealth among diverse sections. This committee marked the beginning of an era of economic planning in India.
He resigned in 1939 due to differences with Mahatma Gandhi and set up the All India Forward Bloc. Through this, he wanted to gather all the radical elements around him, which would aid him in the freedom struggle.
But he was arrested again by the government, and to protest against it, he undertook a fast unto death. Fearing this move, the British officials released him, and he was placed under house arrest.
However, he escaped and undertook a long and arduous journey, escaping India through Kabul, then Moscow, and finally reaching Berlin in Germany. He wanted the Germans to help him in the Indian independence struggle.
In Germany, the Indian community hailed him as ‘Netaji’ and greeted him with the slogan “Jai Hind’. Along with the other Indians who had gathered there, he made regular broadcasts from the German-sponsored Azad Hind Radio beginning in January 1942, speaking in various languages, including English, Hindi, Bengali, Tamil, Telugu, Gujarati, and Pashto.

The Indian National Army and Subhash Chandra Bose

  1. Netaji felt that in order to liberate India from British rule, an army had to be created.
  2. Rash Behari Bose was a revolutionary who had attempted the Gadar conspiracy, which was an attempt at a pan-India mutiny. He was also the leader of the Delhi-Lahore conspiracy of 1912, which was another failed attempt. Due to this, he was persecuted by the British Government, and he fled to Japan in 1915. During the time when Netaji was in Germany, Rash Behari Bose was busy organizing the Indian Independence League in Japan. For this purpose, he convened two conferences in 1942; one in Tokyo and the second in Bangkok. The revolutionaries who had assembled in the conferences wanted to form an Indian National Army (Azad Hind Fauj) for the liberation of India from British rule.
  3. The army was formed with the Indians in the South-East Asian Countries and Indian soldiers of the British Army captured by the Japanese. Capt. Mohan Singh was entrusted with the responsibility of raising the army, and Rash Behari Bose was made the President of the Council of Action. Shortly afterward, Rash Behari dismissed Mohan Singh due to his disagreements with the Japanese Government. Despite his repeated attempts to get an independent status for the army from the Japanese Government, he was not able to achieve it.
  4. After this, Rash Behari then played a pivotal role in organizing the movement, and when Subhash Bose arrived in Tokyo in 1943, he was invited to take up the leadership of the INA. Netaji first held discussions with the Japanese authorities in the course of which the Japanese promised the independence of India after the war.
  5. After taking over the command of the I.N.A., he gave his famous battle slogan, “Delhi Chalo” (on to Delhi). He also worked out a master plan of a campaign for the INA with the ultimate goal of reaching Delhi. A provisional Government of Azad Hind (Free India) thus was set up. Gradually the number of I.N.A. men began to grow significantly.
  6. The INA revealed Subhash Bose’s excellent capability as a military leader and an organizer. One of the INA Brigades advanced with the Japanese army up to the frontiers of India. The Indian national flag was hoisted in Kohima in March 1944 by them. But with the change of fortune in the war and the retreat and defeat of the Japanese, the INA collapsed. The role of INA had far-reaching influences on the Indian political scene.
  7. The stories of their remarkable courage and sacrifice had come to the knowledge of the Indian people at the end of the war, and there was a wave of revolutionary upsurge throughout the country. The British Government could now realize that patriotism for Indians was greater than their service to a foreign power.
  8. The INA soldiers were now tried for various charges like treason, atrocities, abetment to murder, and murder at the Red Fort. For this, they were also called the Red Fort Trials. Influential INA leaders like Colonel Shah Nawaz, Major G.S. Dhillon, and Captain Prem Sehgal were initially convicted but later released, thus making it a clear victory for them.

The critical influence that the INA had on the Indian freedom struggle was as follows

The British government realized that it would not be possible for them to rule over India any longer.
The heroic sacrifice of the INA soldiers did not go in vain. Within two years after the surrender of the INA soldiers, the British had to leave the country.
The INA soldiers’ fight inspired the British Indian Army to revolt, and there were numerous mutinies across India. It also inspired the “Royal Indian Navy Mutiny” or “Bombay Mutiny” of 1946, which was the final death nail in British rule in India and began the transfer of power.

Gumnami Baba and Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose himself?

Current Relevance

The major teachings of Subhash Chandra Bose were nationalism and socialism, which are still relevant to society today.
He had immense faith in the youth of India and believed that a just and egalitarian society could only be made with their help. We are plagued by corruption in politics, business greed, and irresponsible behavior of officials in our system. Netaji had then envisioned that for the promotion of integrity in public life, active participation by the youth was absolutely necessary. He believed in the concept of primary and advanced education and also gave speeches on it. He wanted all Indians to get access to education for the upliftment of society.
Governments have formed various committees since the time Bose reportedly died in a plane crash in Taipei in 1945. These include Shah Nawaz Commission, 1956; Khosla Commission, 1970; Mukherjee Commission, 1999-2005. However, Instead of answering questions for the public, these committee reports have only set off new ripples of mystery.

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