1. Mission Name: Mars 2020
2. Rover Name: Perseverance
3. Main Job: The Perseverance NASA Rover will search for signs of ancient life. Extracting samples of rock and soil for a future return to Earth.
4. Launched: July 30, 2020
5. Launch Site: Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida
6. Landing: Feb. 18, 2021
7. Landing Site: Jezero Crater, Mars
8. Mission Duration: At least one Mars year (about 687 Earth days)
9. Tech Demo: The Mars Helicopter (Name- Ingenuity) is a technology demonstration, hitching a ride on the Perseverance rover.
Perseverance NASA Rover in News:
NASA’s new Mars rover Perseverance launched an astrobiology mission on Thursday to look for evidence of ancient microbial life and, for the first time, pilot a helicopter-drone (Ingenuity) in another planet.
About Perseverance NASA Rover
NASA’s Mars Rover ‘Perseverance’ would work as a robotic scientist.
It weighs about 2300 pounds (approx. 1043 kg).
The rover Perseverance will research for signs of past microbial life on Mars.
The Perseverance will also collect samples of Martian Rocks from the Red Planet.
The rover will also be tasked with studying the red planet’s geology and climate
It will collect dust samples for next Mars missions that can help human exploration of the Mars Planet.
According to the official website of NASA’s Mars mission Perseverance is a car-sized rover that is about 10 feet long, 7 feet tall and 9 feet wide. NASA believed that various sections of Rover are like what would allow a living body to keep it ‘alive’ and capable of exploring.
NASA’s Mars Mission
Mars has several Earth-like features such as clouds, polar ice caps, canyons, volcanoes, and seasonal weather patterns.
NASA’s Mars 2020 mission includes discovering the possibility of life on Mars but will also pave the way for future manned missions.
The rover is built in the chamber of the Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, near Los Angeles.
In July 2020, the rover will leave for Cape Canaveral, Florida, and land on Mars seven months later in February 2021. It will become America’s fifth explorer to land on the Red Planet.
The equipment installed in the rover includes 23 cameras, two hearing aids to hear the winds of Mars, and a laser for chemical analysis.
Why in July 2020?
NASA agreed to launch the mission in July so Earth and Mars would be well-positioned to land on the Red Planet. It will take less power to fly and land on Mars according to NASA.
This is a better time to launch this mission than at other periods when Earth and Mars will be in their orbits in a different place. NASA’s Mars 2020 mission is based on its Mars Science Laboratory to keep mission costs and risks as low as possible.
Note: – NASA’s amazing driving journey on Mars started about 23 years ago, in 1997. When the Mars Pathfinder Mission egressed on Martian soil with the Sojourner rover.
NASA went on to send the Spirit and Opportunity twin rovers to Mars in 2003, followed by Curiosity in 2012 and now Perseverance launched July 30th, 2020.