Environment & Ecology

Environment-and-Ecology-For-IAS

Environment & Ecology a very important for competitive Exams like UPSC, State PSC, SSC, Defence, teaching & others. It’s the most important part of UPSC or other State PSC.

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Protected Planet Report 2020

The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) released the Protected Planet Report 2020. The Protected Planet Report 2020 edition provides the final report on the status of Aichi Biodiversity Target 11, and looks to the future as the world prepares to adopt a new global targets for nature under the post-2020 global biodiversity framework.

List of National Parks in India

National Parks in India:- India’s first national park was established in 1936 as Hailey National Park, now known as Jim Corbett National Park, Uttarakhand. By 1970, India only had five national parks. In 1972, India enacted the Wildlife Protection Act and Project Tiger 1973 to safeguard the habitats of conservation-reliant species.

Carbon Neutrality

हाल ही में 32 देशों ने मध्य शताब्दी या उसके आस पास कार्बन न्यूट्रैलिटी प्राप्त करने का लक्ष्य जरूर रखा है । किन्तु विशेषज्ञों का कहना है कि वर्ष 2050 तक कार्बन तटस्थता (नैट कार्बन उत्सर्जन शून्य) हासिल करने के लिये संकल्पित देशों की सरकारों और व्यवसायों की संख्या तो बढ़ रही है, लेकिन दुनिया अब भी उस लक्ष्य की प्राप्ति से दूर है।

Global Environment Facility

The Global Environment Facility was established in October 1992 as a pilot program in the World Bank (with $1 billion) to assist in the protection of the global environment and to promote sustainable development. It works in partnership with international institutions, non-governmental organizations, and the private sector. Today GEF is the largest funder of projects to improve the global environment.

Amboli Biodiversity Heritage Site

हाल ही में महाराष्ट्र सरकार ने सिंधुदुर्ग के अंबोली में एक मंदिर को जैव विविधता अधिनियम, 2002 के तहत जैव विविधता विरासत स्थल के रूप में घोषित करते हुए एक अधिसूचना जारी की है। हाल ही में ठाकरे वाइल्डलाइफ फाउंडेशन के नेतृत्व में शोधकर्ताओं के एक कर्मचारी ने मंदिर के तालाब में ‘शिस्टुरा हिरण्यकेशी’ मछली की प्रजाति को पाया है।

International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)

IUCN, International Union for Conservation of Nature, was established on 5 October 1948 in the French town of Fontainebleau. As the first global environmental union, it brought together governments and civil society organisations with a shared goal to protect nature. Its aim was to encourage international cooperation and provide scientific knowledge and tools to guide conservation action.

Natural Resources

These are the resources that are found in the environment and are developed without the intervention of humans. Common examples of natural resources include air, sunlight, water, soil, stone, plants, animals and fossil fuels.

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