The Two New Venus Missions of NASA has announced. It will examine the planet’s atmosphere and geological features. NASA is awarding approximately $500 million permission for development. The missions will be launched between 2028 and 2030.
Two new Venus Missions
Davinci+ Venus Mission:
Davinci+ stands for Deep Atmosphere Venus Investigation of Noble gases, Chemistry, and Imaging.
Aim of the mission: The mission will measure the planet’s atmosphere to gain insight into how it formed and evolved. It will also aim to determine whether Venus ever had an ocean and was possibly habitable.
Significance: This would be the first U.S.-led mission to Venus’ atmosphere since 1978. The results from the mission could reshape our understanding of terrestrial planet formation in our solar system and beyond.
VERITAS stands for Venus Emissivity, Radio Science, InSAR, Topography, and Spectroscopy.
VERITAS will map Venus’ surface to determine the planet’s geologic history and understand why it developed so differently than Earth.
Orbiting Venus with a synthetic aperture radar, VERITAS will chart surface elevations over nearly the entire planet to create 3D reconstructions of topography and confirm whether processes such as plate tectonics and volcanism are still active on Venus.
VERITAS also will map infrared emissions from Venus’ surface to map its rock type, which is largely unknown, and determine whether active volcanoes are releasing water vapor into the atmosphere. Suzanne Smrekar of NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Southern California, is the principal investigator. JPL provides project management.
The German Aerospace Center will provide the infrared mapper with the Italian Space Agency and France’s Centre National d’Etudes Spatiales contributing to the radar and other parts of the mission.
Previous Venus Missions
NASA’s Mariner 2 performed the first successful flyby to Venus in 1962.
Soviets’ Venera 7 made the first successful landing on Venus in 1970.
In 1989, Magellan spacecraft was sent by NASA into orbit around Venus.
In 2006, the European Space Agency put a spacecraft around Venus.
Shukrayaan-1 is a proposed mission of the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) to Venus. It aims to study the surface and atmosphere of Venus. It is expected to be launched in 2023.